is a well-known result in real algebraic geometry that
provides a function that computes the number of roots of a univariate
polynomial in a semi-open interval. The PVS contribution
Sturm, which is part of the NASA PVS Library,
includes a formalization of Sturm's Theorem, as well as a decision
procedure that determines the sign of a univariate polynomial on a
given interval. The decision procedure uses a combination of Sturm's
Theorem, an interval bisection procedure, and the fact that a
polynomial with exactly one root in a finite interval is always
nonnegative on that interval if and only if it is nonnegative at both
endpoints. It is formally verified in PVS that the
decision procedure is sound and complete.
This result is a the basis of the proof-producing
mono-poly for reasoning about polynomial relations over a real
interval. The soundness of the strategies depends solely on the internal logic of PVS
rather than on an external oracle.
sturm: Automatically discharges polynomial relations over a real interval.
mono-poly: Automaically discharges monocity properties of polynomials on a real interval.